Ants are one of the common pests in household plots, house adjoining territories, private houses, and apartments. Ants massively get into food, create unsightly anthill hills throughout the yard, destroy wood and bite a person. Usually, bites cause only mild itching, but some species, such as red fire ants, cause painful bites that are dangerous for people with hypersensitivity. The best ant bait here.
The Internet is filled with all sorts of “popular” meaningless tips on how to get rid of ants in the house, such as using tape or flour. All this is ants like a dead poultice. You can’t just get rid of these creatures. But we will dispel all myths and stupid advice, and tell you about how to deal with ants with links to authoritative sources and entomologists.
Ants are alike. Many cannot even distinguish one species from another, although dozens of species of ants can be found near the home, methods of dealing with which may vary. To determine the type, it is possible to collect working ants (without wings) in a test tube or other colorable container, so that they can be returned to a specialist.
Our guide talks about popular and effective methods for getting rid of ants of various species.
We study the enemy
Ants are social insects that create anthills for their communities. In one colony of different species, from several hundred to several million individuals can live. These insects are distinguished by polymorphic – the appearance of individuals of different shapes within one species, depending on the functions they perform: the queen gives offspring and working ants obtain food and build an anthill. Some species have special soldier ants for protection.
Although the anthill is small, insects can travel long distances in search of food and building materials. They find their way home by a specific smell, forming stable paths. Food and building material is collected by foragers. At the time of mating, many winged ants appear in the colony. They leave the anthill and fly away in search of new territory for settlement, sometimes flying into houses. Fortunately, ants adapted to outdoor life rarely create anthills indoors.
Ants are omnivores. They feed on plant nectar and sweet fruits, but there are carnivorous species that attack other insects or worms. With aphids, mealybugs and other types of garden pests, ants can organize symbiosis. They “graze” the aphids and ensure its safety, and in return receive the sweet pad that they feed on. Less studied is the interaction of ants with sugar bugs or some species of caterpillars.