Most of these vegetables differ from both the preceding groups in two important ways.
First of all, the soil should not be made too rich, especially in nitrogenous manures, such as strong fresh yard-manure; although light dressings of nitrogen fertilizer is often of great help in giving them a quick start–as when setting out in the field.
Second, they are warm-weather loving plants, and nothing is gained by attempting to sow or set out the plants until all danger from late frosts is over, and the ground is well warmed up. (Peas, of course, are an exception to this rule, and to some extent the early beans.)
Beans: Beans are one of the most widely liked of all garden vegetables and one of the most easily grown. They are very particular about only one thing, not to have a heavy wet soil. The dwarf or bush sorts are planted in double or single drills, eighteen to twenty-four inches apart, and for the first sowing not much over an inch deep. Later plantings should go in two to three inches deep, according to soil.
Corn: Be sure not to plant into the open until danger from frost is over, usually in mid to late spring. Plant frequently for succession crops. Sweet corn for the garden is frequently planted in rows about three feet apart, and thinning between plants to ten to twelve inches.
Okra: Although the okra makes a very strong plant and incidentally is one of the most ornamental of all garden vegetables the seed is quickly rotted by wet or cold. Sow in warm soil, planting thinly in drills, about one and a half inches deep, and thinning to a foot or so.
Peas: With care in making successive sowings, peas may be had during a long season. The earliest, smooth varieties are planted in drills twelve to eighteen inches apart. The tall-growing sorts must be supported by brush or in other ways; and are put about four feet apart in double rows, six inches apart.
Tomato: For the earliest crop, tomatoes are started in seedbeds. They are not set out until danger of frost is over, and the ground should not be too rich; old manure used in the soill, with a dressing of nitrate at setting out, or a few days after, will give them a good start.
According to variety, they are set three to five feet apart, or four feet, where staking or trellising is given.